By Qeen A.
The term “dialectic” (from the Greek. – vecti art of conversation and controversy) has different connotations. For the first time he used Socrates, referring art of dialogue aimed at achieving truth through collision of views. Plato considered the dialectic as a process of separation concepts of species and binding them in more general terms: “Genera”?.
Hegel expanded the understanding of dialectics, took her out of a movement of thought, saw the collision and union of opposites in the most indeed, in history, in culture.
In Marxist Philosophy tradition of dialectics was defined as the doctrine of universal communication and development activities through the struggle of opposing began.
In modern versions of dialectics virtually no understanding of its as development. Dominated by an idea of the dialectic as a form of reflection polarities, opposites pervades our life, consciousness, history.
Different versions offer different interpretations of the dialectic principles of relations between opposites – from their possible harmonic synthesis to tragically irreconcilable, eternal confrontation.
However, almost all models of the dialectic contain installation on combination of these opposites, or at least indicate the need of uniting them, available to the main character dialectical conflict – man.
Principles of the (modern) dialectics
Principle – a complex form of knowledge accumulated a major study of its “spirit”.
Such principles generally include;
the principle of development,
the principle of universal connection,
the principle of identity (unity) of dialectics, logic and theory of knowledge,
the principle of ascent from abstract to the concrete,
the principle of unity of the historical and logical thought.