The Ottoman History and History’s Paradigmatic Principles -xııı- (*)
I think that omitting a discussion of what is to be included in viewing the general history in different angles in the essays related to the general history that I will address in this series would create a deficiency with respect to understanding its historical holism. Accordingly, I want to examine in the present essay of the series by mentioning briefly what is included in the window that is seen when the history is viewed from different angles.
What is meant by different angles here is the time / space dimension contained by the historical narrative that is discussed. Naturally, the shorter and smaller is the time / space dimension, namely, the chronological distance and cosmic scope; so little and small would be the phenomena, events, and entities in the content of the narrative. In other words, when the narrative is addressed within a short time and in a small space, the field of local history will inevitably be entered into. However, if we make a definition such as the longest time and the biggest space, this inevitably means that we should consider the whole universal time and universal space.
The historical narrative included in this definition is considered nowadays in the worldliterature as the “Big History,”. As this type of history has been designated in English with the term “Big History,” the same wordsare also used for the equivalent in Turkish of the concept. In fact, let me say for those interested in the subject that Cynthia Stokes Brown’s book, published in English originally, has accordingly been translated into Turkish under the name of Buyuk Tarih (**). The book provides the historical narrative with a cosmic–holistic dimension by integrating historical knowledgewith the exact scientific knowledge, representing this new form of understanding. Thus, I would like to state by the way that the transition has been made toa holistic history approach.
When viewed in general, as the subjects have been discussed in the big history in the broadest nature within the scope of time and space, the narrative needs to be started with the “Big Bang” that was the beginning of the universe 13,8 billion years ago and maintained up to the predictionsabout the future of humanity. In this context, while the Big Bang and the first galaxies and stars that emerged 300 million years after it are told as the first stagecollected under the title of cosmic stage, the developments in the geological history ofthe Earththat began 4.5 billionyears ago are discussed as the narrative of the second stage. While abiogenesis and biological evolution are told in the third stage under the title of vitality stage, the world of mankind is covered by the empirical historical narrative in the last stage in a manner to include its future as well.
Let me remind at this point that the authors that have written books by discussing the subject of Big History may have had treatments that differ more or less in these segmentations. However, I think I should emphasize in particular that the differences covered in the contents of the curriculum covered in the segments are also markedly much more in terms of quantity and quality.
I will continue to work on the subject of Big Historyin the next essay.
Mustafa Özcan (28.12.2015)
Mustafa Özcan (28.12.2015)
(*) To be continued
(**) Cynthia Stokes Brown, Büyük Tarih, Aylak Kitap, 2014,